This handout provides suggestions for writing papers or reactions that request you to evaluate a text through the lens of a vital or theoretical secondary supply.

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Generally speaking, the lens should expose one thing in regards to the initial or “target” text that could not be otherwise obvious. Instead, your analysis might call the credibility of this arguments associated with the lens piece into concern, expand the arguments associated with the lens text, or provoke other reevaluation for the two texts. In any event, you’ll be producing a“dialogue that is critical texts.”

Reading the Texts

You read them is crucial since you will eventually want to hone in on points of commonality and discord between the two texts, the order and manner in which.

First, read the lens text to determine the core that is author’s and language. Since theoretical or critical texts are generally thick and complex, it might be beneficial to develop a plan for the author’s points that are primary. According the to Brandeis Writing Program Handbook, a lens that is valuable will “grapple with main some ideas” of the lens text, in the place of working with remote quotes which will or might not be indicative of this author’s argument all together. As a result, it is crucial to ensure that you truly realize and may articulate the author’s points that are main proceeding towards the target text.

Upcoming, quickly see the target text to produce an idea that is general of content help write my essay paper. Then, think about: Where do we see general points of contract or disagreement involving the two texts? Which of this lens text’s primary arguments could be employed towards the target text? It may possibly be much easier to give attention to a couple of of this lens text’s central arguments.

With your a few ideas at heart, return back and browse the target text very very very carefully, through the theoretical lens, thinking about the next concerns: which are the primary aspects of the lens text and exactly what are their complementary components when you look at the target text? How do I apply the lens author’s vocabulary that is theoretical logic to circumstances when you look at the target text? Is there circumstances in which the lens text’s arguments don’t or can’t apply? Exactly why is this? It really is beneficial to keep a careful, written record of web web page figures, quotes, as well as your ideas and responses while you read.

Because this form of paper relates to a complex synthesis of numerous sources, it really is especially essential to possess a clear course of action before beginning composing. It might help to cluster quotes or activities by subject material, by theme, or by if they support, contradict, or elsewhere alter the arguments when you look at the lens text. Hopefully, typical themes, tips, and arguments will quickly emerge and you may begin drafting!

Composing the Introduction and Thesis

As your paper involves the interactions that are complex multiple texts, it’s important to explain what you would be doing the introduction. Remember to plainly introduce the lens text and its own certain arguments you will undoubtedly be using or evaluating. Then introduce the target text and its particular themes that are specific events you are handling in your analysis.

These introductions of texts and themes should lead into some variety of thesis statement. Though there are not any set guidelines or conventions for just what this thesis should appear to be, be sure it states the points of relationship you’re going to be speaking about, and describes exactly what your critical or theoretical analysis for the target text reveals concerning the texts.

Composing your body

Your body is when you use particular arguments through the lens text to particular quotes or circumstances into the target text. In each situation, be sure to talk about just what the lens text reveals concerning the target text (or vice versa). Make use of the lens text’s language and framework that is logical examine the goal text, but ensure that you be clear about where a few ideas when you look at the paper are coming from (the lens text, the goal text, your very own interpretation etc.) so that the reader does not be confused.

By doing this kind of analysis, you might be “entering a conversation that is academic and inserting your very own tips. Since this will be obviously easier in theory, Gerald Graff and Cathy Birkenstein’s notion of “Templates” may prove helpful. Within their guide, they state, I state, the authors set down numerous templates to greatly help authors take part in unknown kinds of critical discourse that is academic. They encourage pupils to utilize the templates in every capability they find of good use, be it filling them in verbatim, modifying and extending them, or with them as an analytical access point, then discarding them totally.

right right Here I modify their template that is basic say ________. I say ________.), to generate lens templates that are essay-specific help you to get started:

The writer of this lens text lays down a helpful framework for understanding cases of ________ in the prospective text. Certainly, within the target text, one sees that is______, which may be looked at a typical example of ________ by the lens author’s definition. Consequently, we come across a spot of commonality concerning ________. This similarity reveals ________.

In accordance with the lens text _______ tends to happen in situations where _______. By the lens author’s meaning, ________ in the target text could possibly be considered a case of _______. Nonetheless, this parallel is imperfect because _______. As a result, we become aware of ________.

One sees that is______ in the prospective text, which calls the lens author’s argument that ________ into question because ________.

In the event that writer of the lens text is proper that ________, one could expect you’ll see ________ in the goal text. Nonetheless, ________ really occurs, exposing a crucial point of disagreement. This discord shows that ________. This dilemma is very important because ________.

Wrapping Things up and Drawing Conclusions

The texts address by this point in your essay, you should be drawing conclusions regarding what your lens analysis reveals about the texts in questions, or the broader issues. Remember to explain why these discoveries are very important for the control by which you’re writing. Easily put, that which was the purpose of undertaking your analysis when you look at the beginning? Pleased lens writing!

Brandeis UWS Writing Handbook, 70.

Birkenstein, Cathy and Gerald Graff, They Do Say, I state. (Nyc: W. W. Norton & Business, 2007), 2-3.